The Adena Mound-builders was born from the Canaanite/Berber Cultures (Red Ochre Traditions) whose ancestors have been claimed to be the first to have mined the copper from the Lake
Superior Regions.  These would have been the one's that Joshua expelled from the Lands of Israel and drove into the Lands of Africa.
"Political leadership in Adena," writes Madison, "was probably provided by Berbers from Africa."

Mound-building was an important art in both their Megalithic and Beaker phases." In both North Africa and Western Europe the Berbers buried their dead in stone tombs which were then
enclosed in large earthen mounds. Across the Atlantic in North America this Berber custom was continued -- many mound-builder tombs are EXACTLY the same layout, a rock tomb covered in
an earthen mound (Radin, The Winnebago Tribe,)

Copper ingots of IDENTICAL "ox-hide" shape have been found on both sides of the Atlantic, proving that around 200 B.C. there was a revival of the regular Atlantic trade between the
Mediterranean and North America. This involved copper from Wisconsin, set down the Mississippi River and out to Europe. Bruce J. Trigger reveals that there were also Adena sites in Maryland
-- suggesting traffic up the Potomac and Monongahela Rivers from the Atlantic into the American interior (Handbook of North American Indians, p. 29).


Elder Charles B. Thompson was one of the first Mormon writers to identify the "mound-builders" with the Nephites whose story is told in the Book of Mormon. According to the Book of Mormons,
there were two races here ages ago. One was the Nephites and the other were the Lamanites.  The  Nephites  were a white skinned, red haired , civilized, industrious people... whereas the
Lamanites were an idle, savage, and vicious people delighting in war and bloodshed...  The order was given by God to wipe the Nephites off the face of the earth, along with all record of their
existence. (Deut.) In some battles  thousands were slain who were piled up in heaps upon the face of the land and then earth thrown upon them. This accounts for the numerous mounds and
tumuli found in this country.

Josiah Priest, American Antiquities, was one of the first to give full documented accounts of this lost race, based on abundance of proof from recent discoveries. History informs this  nation of
Nephites were brought down and destroyed by the Lamanites... God stirred up the Lamanites to camp against them round about, and to raise forts against them with a mount, and thus they
were brought down. (Deut.)  
After Priest completed his report, most of his  books and documents concerning this were destroyed.

The wars of the Jaredites (Nephites) and  the Lamanites
Mormons Take Sacred Tablets Claiming them as their Own.

According to the Book of Mormons, after the Genesis Flood , during the time of 'The Tower of Babel, a group sailed from the Region of the Tower of Babel to North America . This group of
peoples were the Jaredites.  According to the Morman Book of Ester, a group of people called the Jaredites  fled the Tower of Babel at least 3000 years before Christ.   Because they were a
righteous people the LORD did not confound their language, and a Prophet led them called "The Brother of Jared" (his actual name was Mahonri Moriancumr). All of the Jaredite names are
Hamitic; the descendants of Ham were black and are, most likely, who we know today as the OLMECS.

"In the year 1883 B.C. an invasion of Spain took place from the confines of North Africa. Having become a civilized land and wealthy due to changes in climate and the presence of many
producing gold mines, Spain aroused the greed of Egypt and other North African nations.
A king by the name of GERION or DEABUS, with a large army and many ships, conquered Spain and forced the inhabitants to dig gold for their new African overlords. Many Spanish slaves died
from overwork under this tyranny"
After Osiris slew Gerion in 1849 B.C, a part of his people (giants) sailed to North America. A tradition found among the
Toltec of Mexico and preserved by Ixtlilxochitl declares there once were
giants in their land and preserved by Toltec historians, it . Even the date of the arrival of these giants has been preserved by the Toltec historians as 520 years after the flood.

The First Battle of Cummorah
By 600 BC the Jaredites had divided into two warring camps.. Their armies fought  on the Hill Ramah (which is also the Hill Cummorah and which is  located in Western New York State).  A
man named Ether "hides " the records of his people (gold plates).

The Second Battle of Cummorah and the Nephites

Mosiah 5:65 mentions a Nephite search party had come across ruins of an earlier civilization (Jaredite). To prove this find they brought back 24 gold plates and some armor and weapons. The
breastplates are described as large.

About 100 BC, a group of Nephites (called the Lamanites (Limhites) who had broken away from the main body of Nephites migrate to the area near the Hill Cummorah. They find the gold
plates of the Jaredites. Later they are reunited with the main body of Nephites and add the Jaredite plates to the main body of plates

A thousand years after the Jaredite battle on the Hill Ramah, the Nephites and Lamanites battle their way Northward until they arrive at the same hill (now called Cummorah). They also fight to
the last Nephite warrior.  After the Final Battle, a man named Moroni buries the gold plate records of his people in the hill. Fourteen hundred years later the Mormons allege  he returns as the
Angel Moroni and leads Joseph Smith to the plates (1823)

Nothing is  mentioned more prominently in the Jaredite records than the Hill Shim where their great battle of destruction took place. This being so, the records were probably found in or near
the Hill Shim (or Cum) which gave the Nephites an apposite warning of their  own future should they  disobey the commandments of God, as well as a place name to tinker with and transform
into their own tongue. It may also have given Ammaron the idea to hide his own records in the same hill, where Mormon recovered them years later.. The same association of name and place
similarly seems to have given
Mormon's son Moroni the idea to hide the records, with his additions, in another hill some twenty-three hundred miles to the north following his own lost battles.

Nothing is more common in the study of languages than the observation of interchange and "drift" of vowels and consonants. Ramah is obviously an earlier form of Cumorah, "ramah = mora".
And it is  suspected that  Cu was a Nephite addition, being probably equivalent to whatever was particularly striking about the hill to the Nephites. Cu-morah is therefore probably an iterative of
the same description of the hill in two separate languages.

Most  Book of Mormon scholars take it for granted that there were two Cumorahs: one in Central America where the Nephites lives out most of their history; the other in Western New York state
near the Finger Lakes where Joseph Smith found the plates. Again, nothing is more common than for migrating folk to take place names with them and apply them to new sites.

Shim (meaning hill of the land of Shem?) was known to both the Jaredites and Nephites, and that it was in the hill Shim where Ammaron deposited his records --  and from which Mormon later
took them. The Book of Mormon index (p. 329) confirms that Ramah and Cumorah refer to this same hill  and it would not be too difficult for one to link Shim with the Central American
Cumorah. The  consonantal shifts into the change in pronunciation since the letter C commonly undergoes a sound shift from "k" to "ch" or "sh" and vice versa., as in modern Italian, Romanian,
and Hebrew (remember how Joshua tested the Canaanite infiltrators by having them pronounce the word "shibboleth"? The Canaanites could pronounce it only as "shibolet" .. It seems the "th"
sound has been retained only in modern Icelandic, English, and Spanish. This Shim = Cum + Ramah (or "morah").

Book of Mormon scholar John Sorenson suggests that Shim actually lay between the Jaredite land of Moron (source of Moroni's name? [fellow from (or born in ) Moron]) and the hill Ramah, or
Cumorah. Sorenson's reading of the B of M puts Shim not far from the eastern seashore, south of modern Veracruz, probably in the Tuxtlas mountain mass,  in the Sierra Madres some 80
miles further south. . Sorenson adds that no place was of greater importance in Nephite history since they struggled to the death for almost 35 years in or near Shim in southern Veracruz.

Veracruz is on the Gulf of Mexico. The  Nephites must have fought in slow retreat from the area of the narrow neck of land  northward over many generation. They would thus have been
compelled to retreat along the Gulf Coast until they hit the Mississippi River. Because of its width near the Gulf, they'd have had to retreat almost straight north along its west bank until reaching
a point where the river could be crossed. This would have brought them to the Finger Lakes area just south of Lake Erie, the exact location of the Second Cumorah near which the Nephites
were wiped out. Anthropologists have found enormous stacks of bones in this very area, evidencing some mighty pre-Columbian battles in the region. And given the fact that the modern Indian
tribes of the region were never very numerous, one wonders where else all the bones could have come from. Besides which we know that Moroni was exhausted and probably wounded during
his last battle and could not have wandered far to hide the plates.  Joseph Smith found the plates about 1200 years later in this exact location.

In brief, while I can't tell you where the Nephites found the Jaredite record, they did. Moroni had it (see Ether 13:1) and so in all probability did his father Mormon -- and possibly even more
remote Nephite ancestors.

But just before their final overthrow, a man by the name of Mormon took their record containing their history and sacred writings... to come forth in due time for a sign to Israel, that the time of
their redemption had come...

This account  agrees with the Indian traditions which  claim that their forefathers  were once in possession of a sacred Book, which was handed down from generation to generation, and at
last hid in the earth; but these oracles are to be restored to them again and then they shall triumph over their enemies and regain their ancient country.  Hearing this, the Mormons took this as
the sign this Race was the Lost Children of Israel and that now with them, the Mormons,  being in possession of the Lost Books, they would be able to fulfill the prophecies..thus a new religion
came to be borne, which we know as 'Mormonism'  or 'Latter Day Saints' .

It seems that both the Jaredites and the Nephites were Mound Builders and differed both racially and culturally from the Native American Indians which came later. As late as 1830 newspaper
reports were being published, telling of Mormon elders claiming that the ancient Old World peoples who migrated to the Americas came ashore in places as far away as the shores of South
America: "on the coast of Chili 600 years before the coming of Christ..."


The Wallam Olum -- The Red Record -- is the Delaware's record of their ancient history, told in the form of an epic song. "Recorded in pictures and words, the saga tells of the rise to glory of the
Lenni Lenape and their great Lenape family, also called the Algonquians, the most populous and widespread Native American language group in ancient North America" (The Red Record,
translated and annotated by David McCutchen. Garder City, NY: Avery Publishing Group, Inc. 1993. )

As the Lenape migration neared the Mississippi River, they came upon agricultural lands where permanent settlements became possible. The Lenape soon discovered that farther to the east
were the powerful people called the TALEGAS -- best translated as "foreigner" or "stranger." According to Heckewelder [an early missionary], the Lenape arrived at the Mississippi and followed
it downstream to where it meets the Missouri River. This is the location of CAHOKIA, the most likely site for the "Talega king" in IV:52 [of The Red Record]. The great walled city of Cahokia, near
where east St. Louis is today, was a commercial, political, and religious center of the last and most spectacular era of Moundbuilder culture -- the Mississippian Temple Mound phase. Cahokia
has been described as "a cross between New York, Washington, D.C., and the Vatican." -- The Red Record: The Wallum Olam, p. 107.


A.J. Conant, a member of the Academy of Science of St. Louis, Missouri, is quoted below:

Atop the mounds constantly burned the flames that were only extinguished at the end of the old year and were relighted by the rays of the sun when the priests focused the rays of the newly
born Sun on the wood of the sacrificial fires. This took place amidst the most extraordinary solemnity. -- The Roots of the American Indian, p. 59.
According to early reports the fires were extinguished during the winter solstice when the days became shortest and the sun reached the lowest point in the southern sky, and the weather
became very cold. "Then, to give life to the dying sun, the rays of the king of the heavens were focused on the altar of the sacrifices in order that, with the light of the fire that burned, he could see
his way back to the north" (ibid., p. 53). This is the EXACT same ceremony that was celebrated in ancient Rome, Egypt and Babylon!
The people who constructed the mounds and the pyramids all paid homage to the same gods because they were of one blood and language. Foremost among their gods was the PLUMED
SERPENT called Piasa


The ancient people not  only had developed a great urban civilization based upon an agrarian economy but construsted  the ingenious system of interlocking canals. With amazing skill, the
engineers developed an internal system of navigation, linking the lakes and rivers with the various metropolitan centers of the region, and it was by means of these interconnecting waterways
that the cities received the needed produce. The Mississippi River served as the principal transportation artery. Dr. G.C. Swallow, in referring to one of these canals, said, "One of them, that I
examined, measured 53 feet wide and was 14 feet deep."  More of these canal  system was created interlinking water routes from the Great Lakes. Many archaeologists and investigators say
that the 'artificial' rivers in the southern part of the United States are a gift handed down by this mysterious race.


[The Lenape] discovered that the country east of the Mississippi was inhabited by a very powerful white, red haired nation who had many large towns built on the great rivers flowing through
their land. Those people (as I was told) called themselves TALLIGEW or TALLEGWI....Many wonderful things are told of this famous people. They are said to have been remarkably tall and
stout, and there is a tradition that there were GIANTS AMONG THEM, people of a much larger size than the tallest of the Lenape.  (Moundbuilders of Ancient America, by Robert Silverberg.
Greenwich, CT: N.Y. Graphics Society, 1968. P. 54f).

So the Hopewell Indians called themselves TALLEGWI. This is, of course, the same ancient TELL or TALO root which is found in Finnish TALOSSA, the TALAYOTIC culture of the Balearic
Islands in the Mediterranean off the east coast of Spain, and the BEAKER (Canaanite/Pictish) cultures of Toulouse, France. (See our article, Unraveling the Origins of the Mysterious Olmec!).
Notes R. Ben Madison: "If any more proof were needed, it is this: The same Lenape legend refers to these Talossans both as Tallegwi and as Alligewi, with or without the initial T. This is a
fundamental Berber phenomenon: in Morroccan Berber, for example, the name of the ethnic group is Amazigh, while the name of the language is Tamazight. The T functions as an article or
gender marker. The SAME grammatical feature appears to be at work among the Hopewell: ALLIGEWI = Amazigh; TALLEGWI = Tamazight. This alternation, with and without the initial T, only
makes sense in one human language, and that is Berber" (The Berber Project. Second (Revised) Edition. 1997. P. 19).

When the migrating Lenni Lenape reached the Mississippi River, they "sent a message to the Talegas, requesting permission to settle in their neighborhood as friends and allies."

The Red Record goes on to describe what happened next:

The Talega king denied this request, but promised to permit the Lenape to pass through his lands to find homes farther east. Peacefully, the Lenape began to cross the Mississippi. But when
the Talega King saw how numerous the Lenape were, he became frightened, and ordered his warriors to attack. Talega war canoes swept across the river as armored Talega regiments
massacred the Lenape who had already crossed. Enraged by this treachery, the Lenape vowed to "Conquer or die!" and joined with their Iroquois allies in an epic war of vengeance. Led by
Sharp One (IV:55), the Lenape forces stormed across the Mississippi, defeating the Talegas, and besieging and capturing many of the Talega towns. -- Pp. 107-108.

After a long and difficult struggle, Talega resistance was crushed (V:57-59). The Red Record shows that four sachems [chiefs] came and went before the final victory (V:55-59). The war
between the Lenape-Iroquois allies and the Talega must have been fierce, with the final sieges of the Talega Wars among the largest battles ever fought in ancient America. Formidable
earthworks from this period can be found throughout the Ohio Valley. One such stronghold, Fort Ancient, had palisaded walls 13 feet high and 5 miles long, and could hold up to 10,000 people.
-- P. 111.

As we have seen, both Iroquois and Algonquian Indian legends tell of wars against the Mound-builders -- whom they called "the Snakes" (Serpents represent Wisdom)  It is on record that an
elderly Indian informant in the mid-19th century recalled that the "First Dispersion" of his people -- the Mound-builders -- began in the eastern United States, near the Alleghany mountains of
Pennsylvania ("Oral Literature and Archaeology," by Robert J. Salzer. The Wisconsin Archaeologist (1993). P. 101); this refers to the breakup of the Hopewell "interaction sphere." The Lenni
Lenape also recalled (in The Red Record) in the late 18th century that "many hundreds of years ago" their ancestors indeed went to war with the Mound-builders in what is now Michigan, which
would have to be Hopewell country. Missionary John Heckwelder recounted this bit of Lenape oral history in 1819 -- which describes the breakup of the Hopewell "interaction sphere":

Having thus united their forces the Lenape and Mengwe [Iroquois] declared war against the Alligewi [Tallegwi], and great battles were fought in which many warriors fell on both sides....No
quarter was given, so that the Alligewi at last, finding that their destruction was inevitable if they persisted in their obstinacy, abandoned the country to the conquerors and fled down the
Mississippi River, from whence they never returned. -- Mound Builders of Ancient America, 54f).

This is, without doubt, an accurate account of wars against the Hopewell by the Algonquians and Iroquois -- both of whom were invading the American Midwest at this time. Especially
interesting is the fact that the Hopewell fled south, down the Mississippi River, and never returned. Also, they fled to the far Southwest. In the Southwest we find a very similar culture again with
a mysterious past . Could they have taken flight and re-located in the land of their cousins at Pueblo Bonito. If they did, then the story of the Mound Builders in Burlington WI may be even more of
intrique than originally thought and linking the Mississippian culture to Chaco Canyon  and dare I say, the civilisations of Mars. .  See Chaco Canyon

The people of Chaco Canyon , the hub of the Anasazi world., archaeologists  realized  from the architure had am  INTIMATE KNOWLEDGE OF THE SUN AND THE STARS. The great kiva at
Casa Rinconada in Chaco Canyon  has a main doorway that faces celestial north. "This is the fixed point in the nighttime sky round which all stars seem to revolve. Four huge wooden pillars
once defined the cardinal directions, symbolizing the four trees that Earth people once climbed to reach their homeland" . At solstice sunrise the rays of the sun enter to the right of the doorway
and shine into a niche in the northeast wall -- marking the northernmost journey of the sun.

The semi-circular plaza was surrounded by more than 800 rooms at the town's peak, all within easy reach of the sacred kivas that were the heart of the settlement. Archaelogist Stephen
Lekson of the Natioanl Park Service tells about  nine major Chacoan "Great Houses" that had been erected -- each a massive undertaking--estimating  that each room required 40 beams,
each from a separate pine or fir tree growing in a forest nearly 40 miles away -- to say nothing of tons of stone and clay!

In the early 1900s some of the pioneer archaeologists who excavated at Pueblo Bonito noticed what appeared to be the remains of tracks converging on Chaco Canyon from the outside. "It is
only in the past twenty years," writes Brian Fagan, "that AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS and SATELLITE IMAGERY have revealed the full extent of the web of more than 400 miles of unpaved
PREHISTORIC ROADWAYS that link Chaco to over thirty outlying settlements. The Chacoans had no wheeled carts or draft animals, yet they constructed wide roads across the desert, shallow
tracks up to 40 ft wide, cut a few inches into the soil, sometimes marked by shallow banks or even low stone walls. The highways run straight for many miles, some of them 40 to 60 miles
long, connecting as many as half-a-dozen settlements to one another and to Chaco" In its own way, the Chaco road system is as imposing as that of the South American Incas. We are yet
unsure as to the purpose of the roads, being that they seem to lead no where.

In Arizona we can find literally hundreds of towns that were built in these rocky canyons. Even today these stuctures of stone and adobe give testimony about the level of cultural development
attained by these inhabitants. The most well-known of these towns is Casa Grandes, located in the San Miguel River Valley in Chihuahua, Mexico -- where hundreds of these huts can still be
found. They are also located in the Gila River basin in Arizona.

The Gila River flows from the eastern mountains of the Southwest into the mighty Colorado River -- through a mesquite-studded desert landscape. The summers are intensely hot in this semi-
arid country, but the banks of the Gila were a veritable oasis, with fertile soil and abundant wildlife. In this area University of Arizona archaeologist Emil Haury excavated the  MOUNDS known as
Snaketown -- so-called after the Pima Indian name of Skoaquik: "Place of Snakes." This is extemely important because the snake was central to the ritual and artistic functions of the Mound-
builders of the Mississippi Valley, and was also the name ("the Snakes") given to the Tallegewi by the Lenni Lenape!
Not only do we see a connection of the 'snake' with the inhabitants of the southwest but again the building of waterways. Snaketown, or Skoaquik, was an important lowland town occupied for
many centuries, for the entire span of time the Anasazi people lived at Mesa Verde in Colorado. According to Brian Fagan, "Snaketown prospered because the HOHOKAM were masters of
desert irrigation. They dug a 3-mile CANAL to water fields near the Gila River, a canal so efficient it remained in use for the entire lifetime of the settlement" (Kingdoms of Gold, Kingdoms of
Jade, p. 211).The same type of systems are used today in Arizona.

The Apache also validates the tradition of an exodus from the Northeast . The Apaches still relate in their stories and legends how these migrating tribes were forced to flee to the south from
their homeland in the Northeast.  I would like to note here that when the Mormon were forced to leave this area in Wisconsin, Joseph Smith and his followers followed the same tradition ,
migrating to the southwest and settling near this area as well as in Utah.  Another note I feel I need to add to this is that it is my belief that the Hopi Indians are the keepers of the 'lost
knowledge' of this ancient race of Mound Builders and religiously keep these secrets yet today.


In the first half of the nineteenth century, Euro-American explorers traveled westward along Wisconsin’s rivers and trails. As they paddled and walked they encountered areas where the
earth was sculpted into birds, animals and even people. Euro-American explorers had found burial mounds in other areas before, but they had never seen anything like the effigy mounds.
Amazed, but unsure what to make of their discovery, they drew maps and wrote reports for newspapers, scientific journals and even Congress. Soon the Wisconsin Territory had become
famous for its mysterious effigies.

“As the years passed, Euro-American farmers and settlers took up residence in Wisconsin. Many mounds were plowed away by farmers who saw them only as nuisances. Some were
carted away by gardeners and bridge-builders who wanted to use the earth they were made of for fill. People dug into the mounds out of curiosity, or in the hopes of finding valuable objects to
sell. Other mounds were simply in the way— in the path of roads, railroads, houses and quarries. Perhaps as many as 20,000 mounds once existed in Wisconsin. Now less than 5,000
remain. For Native Americans, the mounds are eternally sacred places and connect us to the land and the supernatural, bring harmony to an unsettled world.


Now that we have successfully linked the  Wisconsin Hopewell  Mound Builders to the Aztecs as well as the Ancient Builders of Chaco Canyon we will now back step and ask the question
'Where did the Mound Builders Originate and how are they connected to us. For the answer to this question we can turn back to our biblical instructions.

. In Joshua 3:9 we read:

So Joshua said to the children of Israel, "Come here, and hear the words of the Lord your God." And Joshua said, "By this you shall know that the living God is among you, and that He will
without fail DRIVE OUT from before you the CANAANITES and the Hittites and the Hivites and the Perizzites and the Girgashites and the Amorites and the Jebusites...(New King James Version).
I would like to note that these people then would be among the race of giants that were the men of old that Genesis speaks of.

Later on, in Joshua 11, verses 16-17 and 23, it is recorded that "Joshua took all the land: the mountain country, all the South, all the land of Goshen, the lowland, and the Jordan plain -- the
mountains of Israel and its lowlands, from Mount Halak and the ascent to Seir, even as far as Baal Gad in the Valley of Lebanon below Mount Hermon...So Joshua took the whole land,
according to all that the Lord had said to Moses; and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel...Then the land rested from war."

Again, in Deuteronomy 7, we read --

When the Lord your God brings you to the land that you are about to enter and possess, and He DISLODGES many nations before you -- the Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites,
Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, seven nations much larger than you -- and the Lord your God delivers them to you and you defeat them, you must doom them to destruction: grant them no
terms and give them no quarter...this is what you shall do to them: you shall tear down their altars, smash their pillars, cut down their SACRED POSTS], and consign their images to the fire....
You shall destroy all the peoples that the Lord your God delivers to you, showing them no pity....The Lord your God will DISLODGE these peoples before you little by little; you will not be able to
put an end to them at once, else the wild beasts would multiply to your hurt. The Lord your God will deliver them up to you, throwing them into utter panic until they are wiped out. He will deliver
their kings into your hand, and you shall obliterate their name from under the heavens...(Deuteronomy 7:1-2, 5, 16, 22-24, Tanakh).

When Joshua and the Israelites crossed the Jordan River just north of the Dead Sea, they camped a while at Gilgal, then moved to take Jericho and Ai. Afterward, they returned to Gilgal
(Joshua 1-8). After making peace with Gibeon, Joshua led the Israelites through the Valley of Aijalon and defeated the five Amorite kings (Joshua 9-10). From Makkedah, Joshua launched a
SOUTHERN campaign against Lachish, Hebron, Debir and Gaza.

Those of the inhabitants who were not put to the sword by the Israelites, FLED TO EGYPT and sought refuge there. Samuel Purchas, in his book Relations of the World and the Religions
Observed in All Ages, records this flight: "Procopius...affirms, that all the seacoast, in those times, from Sidon to Egypt, was called Phoenicia: and that when Joshua invaded them, they [those
that weren't killed] LEFT THEIR COUNTRY, AND FLED INTO EGYPT..." (1613. Book I, chapter XVIII, p. 85).

After a victorious campaign, Joshua and the Israelites returned to Gilgal for a period of time before launching any more campaigns against the Canaanites. The Canaanites who had fled the
country, however, pushed further into Africa: "...there [in Egypt] multiplying, [the Canaanites] pierced further into Africa; where they POSSESSED ALL THAT TRACT, UNTO THE PILLARS OF
HERCULES, speaking half Phoenician"

Close to the Pillars of Hercules, on the African side, the vanquished Canaanite refugees built two cities: "They [the Canaanites] BUILT THE CITY OF TINGE AND TANGER IN NUMIDIA, where
were two pillars of white stone, placed near to a great fountain, in which, in the Phoenician tongue, was engraven: WE ARE CANAANITES, WHOM JOSHUA THE THIEF CHASED AWAY"

In The Complete Works of Josephus, translated by William Whiston, is a footnote on page 110 that corroborates Puechas' record --

Moses Chorenensis sets down the FAMOUS INSCRIPTION AT TANGIER [TANGER] concerning the old CANAANITES driven out of Palestine by Joshua thus: "We are those exiles that were
governors of the Canaanites, but have been driven away by Joshua the robber, AND ARE COME TO INHABIT HERE." -- Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1988.

In time, these inhabitants of Northern Africa became known as BERBERS and MOORS.

This wave of Canaanite refugees from Joshua's southern thrust expanded rapidly and made their way into the Iberian Peninsula and France -- settling thickly in the Aude, Herault and the lower
Rhone. Here, with their "tastefully decorated" pottery, they survived into Roman times, especially the Tolosati, who lent their name to the city of Tolosa (French: Toulouse); and the Tolossae,
who lived in what is now Provence. "That the tribes of this region were not Celtic [Israelite] (as is often supposed) is revealed by the fact that the Celtic Gauls -- who always called themselves
the Com-broges, or 'fellow-countrymen' (whence Cymru, "Welsh") -- referred to one of the local tribes as Allo-broges, or 'other-countrymen,' i.e. 'non-Celts'" (The Berber Project, p. 7).

The Adena Mound Builders of North America
Exploring the Unknown   with
Brad and Mary Sutherland
Brad and Mary Sutherland
248 Carver Street
Winslow, Illinois 61089
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Mary Sutherland

"Thanks to the introduction of new state and Federal laws, Wisconsin's
remaining mounds have now been protected.
According to the Burial Site Protection Law of 1985, Wisconsin progressively
defined all Native American mounds as human burial places. The law protects
them from disturbance and destruction, as it does for all cemeteries and family
Wisconsin - Land of the Dead
"Oh, Wisconsin. Beneath your feet is an ocean of bones...."
"They (railroad crews) knocked the top off of the small hill called Butte Des Morts. It was full of skeletons. Tracks were laid across the cut and The combined bones and rock became
the track bed." - a diary description of the 19th century decapitation of a section of "the hill of the dead"(Butte Des Morts) on the shore of Little Lake Butte Des Morts in Neenah.  

The hill is reputed to hold the piled up corpses of Fox Indians killed during a battle against the French and their Indian Allies in the Fox/French Wars. More likely, the hill had been part of a
long standing burial ground and contained the bones of the ancient mound builders. Mounds are everywhere, their remains may be beneath your feet right as you read this. In the mid to
late 19th century countless mounds were plowed over by farmers. Road crews crushed bones into aggregate for road and railroad beds. It's safe to say that all of Wisconsin's primary
roads contain shattered bits of the bones of the ancient dead.