In Search of Ancient Copper Culture
Michigan Copper Culture
Mary Sutherland -
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In Search of the Ancient Copper Culture in Michigan with Brad and Mary Sutherland
The Beginning of US 41 starts
the path of the ancient Copper
Culture where they start in the
Upper Pennisula of Michigan,
known as the UP and continue
their travels and movement of the
copper and other raw materials
down through the states to the
harbors in Florida where they
would export the material around
the world.
Brad Sutherland standing at Copper Harbor which was used for the importing and
exporting of material around the world, The largest exported material was the
copper mined in this area, known as some of the purest copper in the world.
Copper Harbor, Michigan
Photographed by Mary Sutherland
Copper Harbor, Michigan
Photographed by Mary Sutherland
Copper Harbor, Michigan
Photographed by Mary Sutherland
In the Search of the Ancient Copper Culture
or Mound builders I have across two
'hooked-x's' which is the sign that the
Templars used where ever they made claim
to a spot.  These hooked-x's have never been
seen before by the public.
 One we found in
Wisconsin on Frank's Hill and the other from
Michigan on the property undisclosed to
The 'Hooked X' is an important encoded runic symbol likely created by proto-Templar Cistercian monks . Frank Joseph writes in
his book 'The Lost Colonies of America', that the X' is symbolic of the allegorical representation of the duality and balance of man
and woman, and heaven and earth. The 'hook' in the 'X' is symbolic of the child or offspring, representative of the continuation and
perpetuation of the 'goddess' ideology through common blood lines and thoughts.  
In my opinion, this Hooked X  may
also represent a location of a
calendar that the Templars found,
being that both x's we have found are
indicative of a calendar mound near
The hooked x we found in Wisconsin
was near the entrance to the
calendar mounds you see in photo to
your left.

Following the Path of the Sun
These calendar stones or coned
mounds may have been specifically
designed to show the path of the
sun.  The Templars may have made
the mark of the Hooked X as an
indication that an solar calendar was
near by.
This 'Hooked X' found on the
back of a stone I found in
Michigan matches the code's
Magic Number in following the
Path of the sun, which again
matches up with the Hooked X
we found in Wisconsin
A nice piece of copper I picked up while in Michigan.
Some girls are into diamonds and this woman is into
This is another nice piece of quartz with
copper veins that I brought home for my
collection. It is beautiful.
Mary Sutherland standing next to a large piece of copper
Important Ley Lines
When I was younger the story of the Anishnabe Migration was told to me by an elder in the community.
He told the story in a similar manner that I have since read and heard about. He mentioned however
that certain families and people have carried that story on in the oral form noting it was his father who
told him the story before it was written.

So in thinking of Nibi Onji Canoe Journey 2017 we are following one version of the Migration Story. The
story itself includes all the places where they went and where they ended up. All versions to me are

My thought is that as some have already come forward, they will paddle or organize themselves to be
apart of the journey from where they are and meet up with the Journey(s).

Thank you  Mike Ormsby for sharing this photo with me, and to the ones who created it.
The Lure of Copper For the Canaanites (Beaker People)

When the Canaanite rolled across Western Europe from North Africa, they knitted that region together by a

The Berbers (Canaanites) were an active sea-going people, known for their long distance ocean voyaging. On the
boats that they built they used animal skins for sails and, after a while, a great shortage of skins for the leather sails
threatened to interrupt their maritime activities.

This problem was solved by a group of Berbers who set up a large hunting camp in Arctic Norway near Mount
Komsa in Finnmark. From here they annually took large numbers of reindeer out of the herds migrating through the
area and sent the skins to the oak forests of southern Sweden and Conamara in Ireland for tanning with oak bark.
Other trading posts appeared in the amber-rich areas of the Baltic.

In their mercantile voyages and through their Megalithic contacts, the Berbers became aware of the presence of vast
deposits of COPPER in the New World. "Beaker Groups, keen to exploit copper deposits wherever they could be
found, began to navigate to the New World. They possessed a geographical advantage...the easiest route to North
America was the Atlantic Current from Iberia or North Africa to the Caribbean (Kehoe, 280)....North America
was...treated to a large and substantial wave of Berber immigrants who brought their culture with them when they
settled around the copper mines of Lake Superior and northern Wisconsin" (The Berber Project).

These colonists were traders to the very core! They came in search of wealth and found it in copper -- huge
amounts of it around Lake Superior and on Isle Royale, which is reputedly the best source of pure copper on the
entire planet! The sudden emergence of what archaeologists have called the "Old Copper Culture" coincides with
large numbers of Berbers who descended on the American Midwest and the St. Lawrence River valley to exploit
these new-found riches.
According to the Greek historian Herodotus
Berbers wore what we call "Mohawk" haircuts -- like many North
American Indian tribes. Herodotus also mentions that the Berbers
engaged in the same kind of "vision quest" commonly found in
North American cultures

"To this day," adds Madison, "Berbers have the same kind of
animal legends as North American Indian mythology

Berbers had arrowheads, atlatls (spear throwing
devices),FEATHERS IN THEIR HAIR and wore fringed leather
clothing, similar to the Native American Indians of North America

"Herodotus describes 'a place in Libya,' beyond the Pillars of
Hercules (i.e. past the Straits of Gilbralta) where the
Carthaginians traded for precious metals. He wrote that the local
natives used SMOKE SIGNALS to communicate over long
distances -- an obvious reference to the famous Native American
custom (Herodotus, 4: 196). Later on, the Vikings, evidently on the
basis of the profound and obvious similarities between North
American and North African inhabitants, languages and cultures,
formed the impression that North America was simply a
peninsula of North Africa itself (Riley, 250). -- The Berber Project
The Berbers Became known as the Beaker People because of their Art Work and

n the Iberian Peninsula itself these Canaanites that Joshua drove out of Israel and Egypt
became known as the Beaker Folk. They  became famous for  concentration of MOTILLAS, a
kind of fortified BURIAL MOUND (Iberian Prehistory, by Maria Cruz Castro). The BUILDING
OF MOUNDS was a HALLMARK of Berber and Berber-inspired cultures wherever they
migrated to.

Known today among African Berbers as DJIDAR, these mounds were built not only in Africa
but throughout the first Berber expansion known as MEGALITHISM.

While the ancient cultures of the Eastern Mediterranean buried their noble dead in
rock-hewn tombs, the Megalith-builders built rock tombs but sealed them inside large
earthen mounds (The Berber Project)

More famous than even their mounds were their drinking vessels -  pottery versions of what
had long been woven in North Africa out of esparto grass (The Prehistory of the
Mediterranean, by D.H. Trump)

They were used for "something like mead, flavoured with herbs such as meadowsweet or
wild fruits".  Alcoholic drinks were clearly a factor in this culture and social acceptance.

The Beaker Folk were fundamentally TRADERS, and wherever they went they were
welcomed as friends -- not as hated conquerors. They formed stable outposts, and  their
tombs contain multiple generations of family members.

The Berber Beaker People established complex trading networks, and the diverse regions
of Western Europe and North Africa were united as never before . Ivory and ostrich egg
shells were highly prized luxuries, and the only source was North Africa, where eager Berber
traders did a booming business .  Of more importance was their lucrative COPPER TRADE:
they brought chalcolithic culture to Western Europe, importing  vast amounts of copper. --
The Berber Project).

Preoccupied by local affairs, they blocked the northward expansion of a thriving Black
civilization based in theTassili mountains of southern Algeria. Utilizing superior technology,
the Berbers took control of the arid Saharan steppes, exploiting it for nomadic pastoralism.
Their new technology and stratified society "enabled them to subjugate the existing black
population...[dealing here with a WARRIOR ARISTOCRACY which had gained ascendancy
over the black groups of the Sahara: this is the first instance of a pattern which has been
repeated to the present day" (The Berbers, by Brett & Fentress).

In the meantime the Beaker Berbers of the Iberian Peninsula had begun to decline.
However, a few isolated groups remained active, such as the inhabitants of the Balearic
Islands who were building fortified towers known as TALAYOTS. These so-called "Talaiotic"
people survived well into the Christian era. Archaeology shows that a similar culture
flourished next-door in the island of Sardinia. The native, pre-Roman inhabitants of this
island were, all evidence indicates, Canaanite Berbers (see The Romance Languages, by
Harris and Vincent and Le Origini delle Lingue neolatine, by Carlo Tagliavini). If the ancient
Balearans were also Berbers -- which is extremely likely -- then the name of their towers
(TALAYOTS) may preserve an indication of what these peoples called themselves.
Copper Artifact - Berber

Later, a new, Canaanite/Berber-derived culture called
"ADENA" began to flower in Ohio. The Adena culture
emerged from the Berber-dominated "Red Ochre"
tradition -- the descendants of the very people whose
ancestors had first mined copper on Lake Superior.
"Political leadership in Adena," writes Madison,
probably provided by Berbers from Africa."
Nearly 23-pound hunk of iron and nickel is the sixth
largest meteorite found in Michigan, according to the
Smithsonian Museum and Central Michigan University.   
Meteorite strikes in the Great Lake Area caused fractures
in the land from the lower part of Michigan traveling down
the eastern part of Wisconsin. These fractures eventually
created a karst system of lakes,  underground cave and
tunnel systems.

The karsts of Southeastern Wisconsin have created a
landscape of rolling hills, mounds with shafts, tunnels,
caves and sinkholes. The karsts were created by
groundwater dissolving the sedimentary broken up by an
underground vortex of spinning energy. Over millions of
years, as flow routes are enlarged, carbonate aquifers
change from diffuse-flow aquifers with water moving as
laminar flow through small openings, to conduit-flow
aquifers with water moving primarily as turbulent flow
through well-developed conduit
systems to discharge points at springs. As the water
table lowers below the level of surface streams, the
streams begin to lose water to
developing cave systems below.
After about 60 million years, warm, shallow
seas came down again from the Arctic and
covered Michigan during the Silurian period.
At this time the land would have been in a
subtropical climate that gave rise to large
coral reefs across the state. Fossil findings
show that the largest and oldest reef extends
through the center of the Upper Peninsula. A
species of coral that lived during this time
period would eventually become fossilized
and become what we refer to as Petoskey
Route of the Mound Builders from Michigan to Florida.
The Grand River's rapids, Muskegon's oil and Grand Rapid's gypsum mines all
originated from prehistoric seas, deserts and jungles before the Great Lakes ever
Prehistoric jungles become coal basin under Kent County

At the end of the Carboniferous Period, known as the Pennsylvanian sub-period, Michigan was a
semi-tropical jungle featuring primitive vegetation. Ferns without bark, some of which bloomed
scentless unattractive flowers, grew to almost 100 feet. Millions of generations of trees grew and
died in the jungle. The trees that fell in the swampy parts of the jungle were covered up by water
and soil that became rock over time. The forces of time and pressure on these trees would
eventually see this prehistoric jungle become the coal basin that sits underneath a large area of
the U.S. including the upper northeast part of Kent county.

In the sky above one foot long dragon flies swarmed in droves on the ground and cockroaches
the size of a man’s palm crawled around. Reptiles started to appear, evolving from amphibians,
not dependent on water to lay their amniotic eggs. Towards the end of this period the rain forests
gave way to deserts which decreased the amphibian populations and caused an evolutionary
shift in reptiles.  

300 million year mystery in Michigan

The next 300 million years is a mystery in Michigan. The strata layers of the Permian Period
through all three periods of the Mesozoic era are missing from the rock layers in the state. It is at
the beginning of this time that all the land masses come together into the supercontinent Pangea.

Dinosaurs started to appear during the first part of the Mesozoic known as the Triassic period.
Where Michigan was positioned at this time was far inland from the movement of seas. This did
not create the type of conditions conducive to fossil preservation. The only fossil record on hand
are those created by spores from ancient plants that lived during the Jurassic period in the middle
of the Mesozoic era. It is believed that Michigan was an evergreen forest during this era that would
have supported life. There is no evidence to suggest that dinosaurs or small mammals did not
exist here. The strata layers in other parts of the world reveal a time of great extinction about 65
million years ago that is believed by many to be a large meteor that impacted in the present day
Yucatan Peninsula.

The fallout from this event killed 70 percent of land vertebrates including several species of
plants. This ushered in the current era known as the Cenozoic which began a little over sixty
million years ago. It is around the beginning of this time that the continents move into their current
positions. However, the area that is now called Michigan was part of a great inland forest of
unbroken land devoid of great lakes. The lack of seas and later glacial stages erased the first 62
million years of this time from the state’s history.

source: Michael Tuffelmire

‘Attawaugen’ is known to native Algonquian speakers in Connecticut as a
sacred hill associated with the arrival of their forefathers on the eastern
shores of North America, following a catastrophic flood that engulfed an
ancestral homeland.

The  oral traditions of Upper Michigan’s Menomonie Indians cite a story
of the ‘Attewandeton’ being responsible for committing genocide against
the ‘Marine Men’, identified with Plato’s miners from Atlantis.  
The Menomonie Indians tell the story of MICHIBISSY, a deadly sea monster installed by
the ancient miners to guard the waters around Isle Royale in the Upper Great Lakes
region for the protection of its rich copper deposits.

The Michibissy is also represented as the spiritual energies of the dead marine men
who sank back into the sea whence they came.

Coincidentally A great sea guardian protects the cone shaped stone pyramid  in the
Greek myth of CADMUS
A cone shaped stone pyramid is also found at the bottom of Rock Lake, outside of Lake
Mills Wisconsin . It also has the legend of a sea monster guarding it.